What is Hantavirus? Is Hantavirus more dangerous than Coronavirus?

Man Dies From Hantavirus In China Transmitted By Rodents. Photo source: BioTecNika
Man Dies From Hantavirus In China Transmitted By Rodents. Photo source: BioTecNika
4 Min Read

Daily US Times: Reports of an individual in China dying due to a virus known as Hantavirus have spread panic at a time when the world is battling the pandemic of a novel coronavirus, which started in China. 

Because the world grapples to struggle the coronavirus pandemic that has killed over 16,595 globally, China’s state-owned newspaper Global Times reported the death of a person who had tested positive for Hantavirus.

Today, hantavirus grew to become one of the top trends on Twitter after the Chinese state media tweeted about one individual within the nation dying due to the virus. However, it seems, hantavirus isn’t a new virus and has been infecting people for many years.

Global Times, a state-run English-language newspaper, wrote on Twitter on Tuesday, “An individual from Yunnan Province died whereas on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a chartered bus on Monday. He was tested positive for hantavirus. Different 32 people on the bus have been tested.”

Even when the world is looking for a treatment for the dreaded coronavirus pandemic, a report in Global Times mentioned that a man from China’s Yunnan province died from Hantavirus whereas on a bus to the Shandong province.

What are Hantavirus and how does it spread?

In accordance with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread primarily by rodents and may cause different illness syndromes in individuals worldwide. The virus can spread to individuals through contact with urine, feces, and saliva, and fewer continuously by a chew from an infected host, the CDC mentioned.

This could cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome or HPS and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), the CDC online says. The Centre for Disease Control says that the virus is spread primarily from rodents. It goes on to say that infection with any of the hantavirus could cause hantavirus illness in individuals.

“Hantaviruses within the Americas are generally known as “New World” hantaviruses and will cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Different hantaviruses, often known as “Old World” hantaviruses, are discovered largely in Europe and Asia and will cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS),” the CDC website stated.

The Hantavirus case comes at a time when the total depends on these infected by novel coronavirus globally is nearing the 400,000 mark and scientists are yet to discover a treatment for it. The worldwide death toll has crossed the 16,595 marks.

Some individuals are calling it a new virus however so isn’t the case. United States’ National Center for Biotechnology Information or NCBI in a journal writes that currently, the hantavirus genus includes greater than 21 species.

History of Hantavirus

In 1978, a causative agent Korean Hemerologic fever was remoted from a small contaminated discipline rodent close to the Hantaan River in South Korea.

The virus was named as Hantaan virus after the identity of the river Hantaan. This preliminary discovery dates again to scientific approaches that have been initiated after the Korean struggle (1951-1953), throughout which more than 3,000 cases of Korean hemorrhagic fever have been reported amongst the United Nations or UN troops.

In 1981, a new genus termed as “hantavirus” was launched within the Bunyaviridae family, which included the viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).

Hantavirus Infection: published on Aug 24, 2018

What are the symptoms of Hantavirus?

An individual with Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome could experience fatigue, fever and muscle aches, particularly within the thighs, hips, backs and generally shoulders. They could also get complications, chills and endure from dizziness along with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea and abdominal pain.

The late symptoms seem 4-10 days after the preliminary part of the sickness which includes coughing and shortness of breath. The hantavirus pulmonary syndrome could be deadly with a mortality rate of 38%.

The symptoms of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) normally develop inside 1 to 2 weeks after publicity to infectious materials, however in uncommon cases, they could take as much as eight weeks to develop.

A contaminated individual could develop sudden intense complications, back and abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, and blurred imaginative and prescient. This can be accompanied by flushing of the face, irritation or redness of the eyes, or a rash.

Later symptoms can include low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure, which may cause extreme fluid overload. Full restoration can take weeks or months. Death happens in lower than 1% to as many as 15% of sufferers, CDC says.

If individuals get HPS, they’ll really feel sick one to 5 weeks after they have been around mice or rats that carried a hantavirus.

At a glance symptom of new virus

At first individuals with HPS can have Fever, Severe muscle aches, Fatigue.

  • Fever higher than 101◦F, chills, body aches, complications.
  • Nausea and vomiting and abdominal pain.
  • New rash (faint red spots)
  • A dry cough followed by a fast onset of respiratory issues.

After a few days, they’ll have a tough time respiratory. Typically individuals can have complications, dizziness, chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain. Normally, individuals should not have a runny nostril, sore throat, or a rash.

What is the best current treatment for hantavirus?

The CDC says, there isn’t any particular treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection. However, if the contaminated are recognized early on and are supplied medical care in an intensive care unit, they could do higher.

In intensive care, sufferers are intubated and given oxygen therapy to assist them through the period of extreme respiratory distress.

According to the Facilities For Disease Control, rodent control is the first necessity to forestall hantavirus infections. Contact with rodent urine, droppings, saliva, and nesting supplies must be prevented when cleaning rodent-infested areas.

Viruses spread primarily by rodents: CDC

The United State’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), on its website, writes that hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread primarily by rodents and might cause different illness syndromes in individuals internationally.

“Hantaviruses within the Americas are generally known as ‘New World’ hantaviruses and will cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS),” CDC says.

“Different hantaviruses, known as ‘Old World’ hantaviruses, are discovered largely in Europe and Asia and will cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).”

Any man, lady, or child who’s around mice or rats that carry dangerous hantaviruses can get HPS.

People get HPS when they breathe in hantaviruses. This could happen when rodent urine and droppings that include a hantavirus are stirred up into the air. 

People may grow to be infected once they touch the mouse or rat urine, droppings, or nesting materials that include the virus after which touch their eyes, nostril, or mouth. They will also get HPS from a mouse or rat chew.

Within the US, 10 confirmed cases of hantavirus infection in people who visited Yosemite Nationwide Park in California, US, in November 2012, have been reported. Equally, in 2017, CDC assisted health officers in investigating an outbreak of the Seoul virus an infection that infected 17 people in seven states.

We Were There: Hantavirus A2Z

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