Rehana Rahman, Daily US Times: How can the coronavirus pandemic end? No one knows the answer. The whole world is closed for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Seeing the places where people walk in, it seems ghostly now.
The situation has been created due to restrictions on daily movement, closure of schools, travel restrictions, restrictions on mass gatherings.
The way the whole world has reacted to preventing disease is unprecedented. But where is the end of it? When will people be able to return to their normal daily lives?
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said, Britain will be able to ‘turn the tide in reverse’ within 12 weeks. Five and a half weeks have passed. In the meantime, though, he himself was in the hospital by infected with COVID-19 coronavirus and he is now recovering.
Within three months, the number of infections will decrease, but there is still plenty of time for the COVID-19 coronavirus infection to completely end. May take up to several years.
Countries need to find a strategy to get out of this situation
It is clear that the way big cities are being closed down and rules are being imposed on people’s daily activities, it is not possible to continue in the long run. Thus, if everything is closed, the social and economic impact will be severe.
Countries need to find a strategy to get out of this situation. You have to find ways to overcome the restrictions and get back to normal life.
It is true that imposing restrictions has greatly prevented the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus? By removing these restrictions, the number of infections will be drastically increased.
‘There are big problems with what the strategy is for getting out of here and how we get out of it,’ said Mark Woolhouse, professor of infectious diseases at Edinburgh University.
He said that, no country in the world has a strategy on the matter. Determining this strategy is a major scientific and social challenge.
There are three ways to do this
- Virus infection in many people will develop immunity by bringing in them or
- To bring about change in the conduct of people and society permanently
How far has the vaccine been discovered for the coronavirus pandemic end?
It will take 12 to 18 months to get the vaccine. If they receive the vaccine, they will not actually get sick with COVID-19 coronavirus. The more people get vaccinated, the better. If 60 percent of the total population is vaccinated, the virus will not spread.
A research team at the University of Oxford told TIME magazine, that the vaccine could be ready within the next four months. In the next two weeks, it will be tested experimentally in the human body.
The coronary vaccine test in humans will be applied to the affected body only if it is successful in three steps. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) data, thirty-five academics and businesses in the world are currently trying to detect the COVID-19 coronavirus vaccine.
COVID-19 coronavirus vaccine has conducted clinical trials in China’s Cancino Biologics and US-based Mordana Therapeutics. Last month, for the first time in Seattle, the United States announced that a human body test. The human body is tested without any test on the animal.
Already, a person has been vaccinated with COVID-19 coronavirus experimentally. Whatever vaccine is discovered, it is first tested on any organism. In this case, special approval has been applied to the people first.
Australian scientists expect the human body to be tested by the end of April. Not all tests will be successful. However, if successful, it will take time by mid-2021 to come to the market at large.
Work is on at a rapid pace to detect COVID-19 coronavirus vaccine. But whether it will succeed or whether the vaccine can be vaccinated worldwide- it is not sure.
It should also be remembered that there are four types of COVID-19 coronavirus present in the human body. But none of these vaccines were discovered.
Developing immunity naturally
The strategy that Britain has taken to combat COVID-19 coronavirus infection is to reduce the number of infected patients so that hospitals do not become infected. If the hospitals are full of patients, there will be no place in the ICU. As a result, the death toll will increase.
Britain’s chief scientific adviser, Sir Patrick Valencey said, it was not possible to set a precise timeframe for the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic end.
‘We are talking about reducing the levels of infection so that fewer people are infected,’ said Neil Ferguson, a professor at Imperial College, London.
‘If we can do this for more than two years, then a large part of the country will be infected slowly. As a result, the immune system will develop in the normal way.’
But the question of how long the immune system developed through this strategy will last? In other instances of COVID-19 coronavirus infection, the immune system has not worked very well. Many people have been infected several times in their lives.
What are the options?
Professor Woolhouse said, ‘The third thing is to bring about a permanent change in our behavior so that the level of infection is not high.’
There are some things that are currently being done. For example, if someone is infected with COVID-19 coronavirus, isolation or strengthening the test.
‘We initially identified patients with COVID-19 coronavirus and also those they contacted. But it didn’t work,’ said Professor Woolhouse.
He said that if COVID-19 medicine is discovered, it would help to implement other strategies. Applying a medication to the symptoms of COVID-19 coronavirus in humans can prevent it from spreading to others.
Or reduce the risk of the disease by giving treatment in the hospital so that the pressure on the ICU or intensive care center is reduced. If this is possible, countries will be able to handle more patients before everything is stopped or locked down.
In addition, it is possible to provide more patients in the hospital intensive care center or ICU by providing more beds. It is also a way to deal with the situation. Professor Chris Whitey, the chief medical adviser in Britain, was asked what was the way out of the current situation.
‘Vaccination is a long-term solution,’ he said. ‘We expect it to be as fast as possible.’ He hopes science will find a solution.
How can the Coronavirus pandemic end?
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