World leaders promise to end deforestation by 2030

World leaders promise to end deforestation by 2030
Trees are often cut down to create grazing land to feed the world's hunger for meat. Source: Getty Images
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Daily US Times: Leaders from more than 100 countries have promised to end and reverse deforestation by 2030, in the COP26 climate summit’s first major deal.

Brazil was among the signatories on Tuesday. The country is very important because stretches of the Amazon rainforest have been cut down in the country.

The pledge includes almost $19.2bn of public and private funds.

Scientists and experts welcomed the move, but warned a previous deal in 2014 had “failed to slow deforestation at all” and commitments needed to be delivered on.

Deforestation contributes to climate change because it depletes forests that absorb vast amounts of the warming gas CO2.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said “more leaders than ever before” – a total of 110 – had made the “landmark” commitment. Mr Johnson is hosting the global meeting in Glasgow.

He said: “We have to stop the devastating loss of our forests end the role of humanity as nature’s conqueror, and instead become nature’s custodian”.

The two-week climate summit is seen as crucial if climate change is to be brought under control.

The countries who have signed the pledge – including China, Indonesia, Canada, Brazil, Russia the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the UK and the US (the full list is here) – cover around 85% of the world’s forests.

Some of the funding will go to developing nations to restore damaged land, tackle wildfires and support indigenous communities.

Governments of 28 countries also committed to remove deforestation from the global trade of food and other agricultural products such as palm cocoa, oil and soya.

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